The artists question the body and reject its academic form in favour of a more erotic acceptance. The story begins in with the surrealist sculptor and painter Wilhelm Freddie and his work Sex-paralysappeal: a bust of a woman whose head is crossed by a male sex on the cheek. Two glasses of wine are hung on a rope that strangles her. This woman is seen as a figure of debauchery and excess, whereas the artist wishes to express the numbness of her unconscious - especially since at the time, as far as the deciphering of human psychologies is concerned, Freudian psychoanalysis was on the rise. This work was presented as part of Sex-surreal - Pull the fork out of the eye on the butterfly , an exhibition that became a real manifesto from its opening in Copenhagen.
Art and Pornography: Philosophical Essays - Oxford Scholarship
Until recently, reflection on pornography has come mainly from outside philosophy. The result was that another understanding of pornography broke surface for the first time, centering on its role in affecting women's social inequality. This understanding challenged a prevailing one that variously revolved around the neutral notion that pornography is simply sexually explicit material intended for sexual arousal. Feminism revealed that pornography's sexually explicit content is overwhelmingly about showing and endorsing sexual means of harming people, mainly women, and conditioning consumers' arousal to cues that present women as sexually vulnerable and violable, for instance, enjoying pain, humiliation, rape, being tied up, cut up, mutilated, bruised, being sexually submissive, reduced to their sexual body parts, etc.
Art and Pornography: Philosophical Essays
Philosophical discussions of pornography have largely been dominated by moral and political concerns. However, the past decade has seen an increase of attention for aesthetic concerns. While the moral and political issues remain, some aesthetic issues arise independently of those.
At the time the Black Lives Matter campaign in the UK was drawing the national spotlight to the statues of slave traders , another activist was highlighting the way women are represented in civic statuary. It shows a seated man bathing his feet surrounded by a clutch of fawning semi-naked women. The placard bearer is ArtActivistBarbie, a Barbie doll posed in front of artworks and monuments, and the playful alter ego of Sarah Williamson, a senior lecturer at the University of Huddersfield.